By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This specific case research explores the dramatic financial and social alterations that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. along with significant advances in rice expertise, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, growing to be infrastructure, and concrete fiscal actions have speeded up the velocity of switch. using a distinct facts set outfitted from various surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a customary Laguna village, the authors illustrate a development of socioeconomic improvement shared through irrigated rice parts all through Asia.
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Additional info for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
In the settlement stage in particular, labour was scarce and landlords would have had little incentive to evict tenants. Usually, tenants living in the village and landlords in the nearby town were tied by paternalistic or patron– client relationships. Landlords tried (or, at least, gestured) to aid tenants’ subsistence crisis by advancing credits and giving gifts, and tenants tried to reciprocate by conscientious farm work and rent submission as well as through personal services. In the settlement stage, characterized by scarce labour and abundant land for new opening, rice farming typically was extensive.
However, unlike in the previous two decades, this growth resulted mainly from natural growth. 6 per cent during the period 1940–60. The decline in migration into East Laguna Village seems to reflect the fact that the process of land opening reached its limit during this period. Indeed, it is estimated that the paddy area cultivated by villagers reached 94 hectares in 1960, which was close to the cultivable area of about 100 hectares within the territory of East Laguna Village, although the exact area is difficult to measure because villages’ territorial boundaries are not clearly defined in the Philippines.
Over time their estates were subdivided progressively through inheritance. Meanwhile, the Spaniards intermarried with local chiefs who established private property rights on communal lands as well as with Chinese traders who accumulated land through land-pawning arrangements. Over time these groups fused to form a landowning elite class. For example, a big landlord family that has dominated local business and politics in Pila for generations is said to be the offspring of an illegitimate connection between a Spanish priest and the daughter of a Chinese merchant.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi