By John F Kreis
From the earliest improvement of strive against aviation, the protection and persevered working potency of demonstrated bases assured the winning software of air energy in glossy army campaigns. the criteria affecting this safeguard are many and sundry. they're explored intimately during this choice of reviews drawn from American and overseas adventure relationship from international battle I to the Arab-Israeli clash of 1973. John F. Kreis accomplished this quantity whereas assigned to the exact reports department, place of work of Air strength background. A graduate of Williamette collage, Mr. Kreis additionally earned a grasp of Arts measure in historical past in 1975 on the collage of Delaware. As an Air strength officer he really expert in air base safety and security. As a part of his guidance for paintings during this box, he graduated from the Federal Bureau of research nationwide Academy at Quantico, Virginia
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Additional resources for Air warfare and air base air defense, 1914-1973
The rearmament program of the 1930s saw a rapid increase in the Luftwaffe's air defense artillery. The German government placed high priority on weapon design and built a variety of antiaircraft weapons. The most favored was the 88-mm gun, the early models of which could fire effectively to between 22,960 and 26,240 feet. The "88", or Flak 18, was the best weapon of its type in the world when it was introduced in 1933. By 1939, there were more than 1,000 in the Flakartillerie,with better models in production.
In general, the type of defensive fire available to the United States was adequate for use against prewar planes, although the speed of potential attacking aircraft imposed distinct limitations in addition to the general shortage of weapons. The widely used sound locator was completely inadequate. Bad weather or ambient noise reduced its detection range to as little as 5,000 yards. As it took time to set a gun for firing, advance warning was crucial. With a 5,000-yard detection capability, antiaircraft crews would have an attacker within range for only seconds.
Chapman bluntly argued that the board's work was inadequate, and that the AEF's previous air defense studies, like that of General Shipton, had little result. Chapman prepared his own recommendations that Air Service officers like Lt. Col. Edgar S. Gorrell and Maj. Harold Fowler, experienced in aerial bombardment, be consulted on questions of air defense. He also wanted more explicit planning for AA weapons deployment, ammunition consumption, and camouflage. Chapman insisted on revisions to the list of American aerodromes needing protection.
Air warfare and air base air defense, 1914-1973 by John F Kreis