By Kenneth P Werrell
Dr. Kenneth Werrell’s background of ground-based air safeguard plays an immense provider either to scholarship and, extra importantly, to the protection of our nation’s freedom. it really is possibly human nature that we have a tendency through the years to lose sight of the teachings of the previous, in particular once they don't agree to definite loved preconceptions of ours. That such myopia should be risky, if now not downright disastrous, Dr. Werrell’s examine richly illustrates. with out sentimentalism, he chronicles a trend of classes discovered and too fast forgotten because the wonder of air energy was once reminded time and again of its boundaries and vulnerability. In Korea and in Vietnam, the yank humans have been stripped in their illusions of nationwide and technical omnipotence. the sorrowful consequence of these conflicts used to be doubly lamentable as the classes of worldwide conflict II were—or must have been—fresh in our minds. In that global struggle, as Dr. Werrell exhibits, quite reasonable ground-based air protection did make a distinction: at Ploesti, at Antwerp, and on the Rhine bridges. and it'll make a distinction the next day to come. the best price of Dr. Werrell’s paintings is that it offers guideposts and information for us as specialist squaddies and aviators charged with upholding American defense. we've got taken history’s classes to center as we plan and application our ground-based air defenses into the subsequent decade and past. In either the ahead and the rear parts, we've emphasised the customary ideas of mass, combine, and mobility. nobody weapon, no longer even today’s glossy plane, can do the activity by myself. The truism applies with specific strength to antiaircraft protection. And no less than another truism emerges from Dr. Werrell’s and our personal reviews: powerful air security calls for a joint and mixed attempt. Our making plans has been predicated at the assumption that counterair will play a vital position in safeguarding our floor forces from air assault. at the flooring, the air security artillery will expect the cooperation and counsel of our colleagues within the infantry, armor, and box artillery. On our good fortune or failure in operating jointly to satisfy the demanding situations of the following day will relaxation our nation’s destiny.
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Additional resources for Archie to Sam: A Short Operational History of Ground-Based Air Defense
The Germans employed women, old men, young boys, factory workers, foreigners, and even prisoners of war in flak units. In November 1944, 29 percent of flak personnel were civilians and auxiliaries; in April 1945, 44 percent. German flak strength peaked in February 1945, when it fielded over 13,500 heavy and 21,000 light pieces. The increasing number of guns deployed by the Germans consumed tremendous amounts of materials, reveal40 ANTIAIRCRAFT DEFENSE THROUGH WORLD WAR II ing another difficulty—a shortage of ammunition—that in early 1944 forced the Germans to restrict their firing.
The British deployed thousands of rocket barrels at home; but while impressive when fired, they registered few hits. ) 9 ANTIAIRCRAFT DEFENSE THROUGH WORLD WAR II Initially, Allied AAA in the field proved inadequate as demonstrated in the campaigns in Norway and France. While British guns did better at Dunkirk, nevertheless, this too was a losing proposition. The failures of British arms and AAA were also evident in the 1941 Greek campaign. But even in losing operations, the power of antiaircraft was evident.
The Germans also worked on four guided antiaircraft missile projects. This 4,400-pound Enzian was one of the less successful of these. ) two booster rockets, as did Rheintochter III. 3 feet longer. It was powered by a liquid-fuel engine and had slightly better performance than its predecessor, having the ability to reach an altitude of almost 50,000 feet at a range of over 20,000 yards. 5 feet in span (fig. 24). The Germans worked on two versions of the missiles that had an all-up weight of 980 pounds.
Archie to Sam: A Short Operational History of Ground-Based Air Defense by Kenneth P Werrell